Centuries of imperialistic rule has made the Muslims forget the basic message of Islam which emphasizes on following the Shari’ah guidelines in our Mu’amulat (routine dealing) and Mu’asharat (social system) with a similar zeal as we follow these rules in our Ibadaat (prayers).
This despicable situation has resulted in making the whole economic and social system of all the Muslim nations totally dependent on menaces like Riba or Interest which is clearly declared Haram (prohibited) in Islam.
Nevertheless, there seems to be a ray of hope, as there is an increasing desire of awareness among a considerable portion of Muslims in Pakistan and all over the Muslim world who realize that now its time to inculcate the teachings of Islam in their economic as well as social life. As a result of this noble desire, Islamic Banking & Finance has witnessed an exponential growth worldwide. Most of the leading banks throughout the globe have started offering Shari’ah compliant financial products & services to their customers.
Keeping into consideration the emerging importance of this field a need arises for an organized forum which on one had, equip the younger lot with the education of Islamic economics and on the other hand, train the professionals in the practical field so that they can switch their current day business practices on Shari’ah guidelines Centre for Islamic Economics (CIE), a division of Jamia Darul Uloom Karachi, looks forward to fulfill this need.
Centre for Islamic Economics (CIE) was founded on 22nd Safar 1413 i.e. 22nd August 1992 within premises of Masjid-e-Baitul Mukarram, block-8, Gulshan-e-Iqbal, Karachi.
The basic rationale for setting up this institution is to propagate the guidelines of an Islamic Economics System by undertaking research to enable the economic, financial and banking activities in Pakistan and other Muslim countries to conform to Shari’ah and to extend training facilities to personnel engaged in economic development activities in the Muslim world.
To serve as a dynamic platform in making the overall business, financial, social and economic environment conductive for practical implementation of the Shari’ah guideline.
To provide a broad-based forum to facilitate the enforcement of Shari’ah in the overall economic, financial and banking sector.
To create demand for the Islamic Financial and Banking sector by promoting the benefits of Islamic Riba-Free Economic System among the masses.
To meet the derived demand by organizing and conducting basic and applied research to develop models and methods for the application of Shari’ah in the fields of economics, finance and banking.
To provide a platform for the practical orientation of Ulema regarding the prevalent practices in various business and financial sectors, hence fulfilling the requirement of Shari’ah oriented professionals in the financial and business sector.
To train and develop a team of Shari’ah oriented bankers to work as change agents in transforming the current Interest-based Banking system into an Interest-Free Islamic Banking sector.
To establish an information center to collect, systematize and disseminate information, worldwide in fields related to Islamic Economics and Finance.
Centre for Islamic Economics (CIE) was founded on 22nd Safar 1413 i.e. 22nd August 1992 within the premises of Masjid-e-Baitul Mukarram Block 8, Gulshan-e-Iqbal Karachi. As an initial step the centre established a Daru-Ifta in order to reply qeries of general public pertaining to economic issues in particular and other issues in general.
By August 1997, Darul Ifta had given written answers to about 1000 problems and issues. The questions asked were pertaining to trade related issues and other concerns as well. In addition to this, on average 15 replies are given daily, on telephone and in face to face meetings.
Jamia Darul Uloom Karachi also conducted a course regarding “Ulema’s awareness of modern needs and issues in the society” in collaboration with Daraul-Ifta. Approximately 40 Ulema, one of which came from Faisalabad, attended the program. Maulana Justice Mufti Mohammed Taqi Usmani gave lectures in presence of Dr. Arshad Zaman, a proficient economist, and syed Mohammed Hussain, an adept chartered accountant.
A number of other courses were also held to impart the knowledge about Shari’ah Rulings to traders and financial experts. Initially a two-day course was held on 10th and 11th of September 1993. This program highlighted the basic rulings about all-monetary concerns and economic scenarios. Around 140 people, belonging to different fields, not only participated in this event but also appreciated it a lot. For those people, who came to know about this later, the two-day course was revised in the month of October 1993. Very nearly, 140 people attended this program as well.
fter this, on 27th may 1994, a course was held on the topic of Export, which was attended by more than hundred people.
In July, August and September of 1996, five half-day courses were held with the interim gap of fifteen days. The topics discussed were, Sair’ah guidelines regarding buy and sale, interest and gambling, Zakat, exchange in currencies and heritage. The participants were given written material regarding every course in form of a book.
In 1994, a course for the ‘Ulema awareness of modern needs and issues in the society’ was held again at Jamia Darul Uloom Karachi. In this fifteen-day exercise, the most distinguished Ulema and Muftis from all over Pakistan were taught and trained by Maulana Mohammed Taqi Usmani. An examination was taken in the end and a certificate was also issued. The teaching in this course resulted in the compilation of a book “Islam aur Jadeed Maeeshat-o-Tijarat”, which is equally famous in Ulema and economics and financial experts. This is a part of curriculum of many religious schools as well.
A library has also been established at Darul-Ifta. This library has books on topics such as Tafseer, Hadith, Fiqh, Seerat, biography history and literature; in addition to these, the library also has books on economics in Arabic, Urdu and English. The researchers as well as the general public benefit from this library.
This institution published a book on the topic of business conduct and another book on the guidelines regarding Zakat, both in English and Urdu. Introduction of a self-assessment form for Zakat, in both languages also goes to their credit.